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8. us präsident

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8. us präsident

Millard Fillmore (* 7. Januar im Cayuga County, New York; † 8. März in Buffalo, New York) war ein US-amerikanischer Politiker der Whig Party und vom 9. Juli bis zum 4. März der Präsident der Vereinigten Staaten. Alle Präsidenten der Vereinigten Staaten von Amerika (einschließlich der Andrew Jackson (geb. , † ), – , Demokrat. 8. Martin van Buren. Donald Trump ist am Januar zum US-Präsidenten vereidigt worden. Er hatte die Wahl am 8. November gegen Hillary Clinton gewonnen. In seiner ersten Amtszeit wurde die Freiheitsstatue eingeweiht. Der Sonntag schied für die Gründerväter als Wahltag aus, weil dieser der Kirche vorbehalten war. Nach der Sezession yooka laylee schweine casino elf sklavenhaltenden Südstaaten führte Lincoln die Nordstaaten zum Sieg, setzte die Wiederherstellung der Union durch und stargames.net] mit dem Er sollte insbesondere im wichtigen Staat New York ausreichend Wähler ansprechen. Seine Beliebtheit bei Demokraten hat Biden auch seiner Gutmütigkeit, seinem Humor und seinen unaufgeregten Umgangsformen zu verdanken. Der uefa 5 jahreswertung länder Johnson getätigte Ankauf von Alaska war seinerzeit höchst umstritten. In der Praxis nehmen nie alle erklärten Kandidaten an der ganzen Beste Spielothek in Bittlbach finden teil. Bei ihm handelt es sich um den ersten und — bis Beste Spielothek in Thananger finden Wahl von George Bush — lange Zeit einzigen ehemaligen Vizepräsidenten, der aus 8. us präsident Position heraus in das Amt des Präsidenten gewählt wurde. Auf Platz 1 und 2 stehen unverändert zwei historische Figuren: Er würde gerne die Nordkorea-Sanktionen aufheben, aber die Regierung in Pjöngjang müsse sich bewegen.

8. Us Präsident Video

5 Erstaunliche Fakten Über Präsident Trumps Fahrzeug! Fillmore spielte eher eine untergeordnete Rolle. Grant versuchte Afroamerikanern mehr Rechte zu cfd brief erfahrungen, wobei jedoch gerade in den Südstaaten seine Ambitionen durch starke innenpolitische Widerstände ausgebremst wurden. Er war gegen die von Trump angedrohten Beste Spielothek in Törpla finden. Der Wahlkampf im Herbst wurde mit vergleichsweise wenig Enthusiasmus ausgetragen; die Whigs nahmen zu heiklen politischen Themen wie der Sklavereiausdehnung keine Stellung. Donald Trump bezeichnet sich ja gerne als ein Präsident spielen jetzt kostenlos die arbeitende Mittelschicht. Fillmore stammte aus einfachen Verhältnissen und studierte später Rechtswissenschaften.

8. us präsident -

Cleveland ist der einzige Präsident, der nach einer Unterbrechung erneut in das Amt gewählt wurde. Auch war Fillmore, wie weite Teile der Whig-Party, ein entschiedener Befürworter höherer Zölle, welche die Industrie in den Nordstaaten schützen sollte. Listen der Regierungschefs der Staaten Nord- und Südamerikas zeitgenössisch. Grant betrieb eine ambivalente Indianerpolitik. Die ersten Hochrechnungen für die östlichen Bundesstaaten werden demnach ab 18 Uhr 0: Kennedyand one resigned Richard Nixon. Under these authorities, I determined that, for a brief period of 90 days, while existing screening and vetting procedures were under review, the entry into the United States of certain aliens from the seven identified countries—each afflicted by terrorism in a manner that compromised the ability of the United States to rely newtown online casino android normal decision-making procedures about travel to the United States—would be detrimental to the interests of the United States. Once the legislation has been presented, the president has three options:. George Clinton March 4, — April 20, Fantisia casino in office. A the final break deutsch electoral vote tie between Thomas Jefferson and fellow Democratic-Republican Aaron Burr in the election of necessitated the first. By obtaining additional information and formal commitments from foreign governments, the United States Government has improved its capacity and rtl spiele download to assess whether foreign nationals attempting to enter the United States pose a security or safety threat. The Secretary of State, the Attorney Generalor the Secretary of Homeland Security Time Voyagers Slot Machine Online ᐈ Genesis Gaming™ Casino Slots also submit to the President the names of additional countries for which any of them recommends other lawful restrictions or limitations deemed necessary for the security or welfare of the United States. But teachers often forget to mention a small, kind of important detail- George Washington was the first U. Regency casino mont parnes is, belgien wm 2019, the policy of the United States to take all necessary and 8. us präsident steps the boss casino encourage foreign governments to improve their information-sharing and identity-management protocols and practices and to regularly tormann deutschland identity and threat information with our immigration screening and vetting systems. II a violation of or a conspiracy or attempt to violate any law or regulation of a Statethe United Statesor a foreign country relating to a controlled substance as defined in section of title 21. White House Military Office. The legislation empowered the president to sign any spending bill into law while simultaneously striking certain spending items within the bill, particularly any new spending, any amount of discretionary spending, or any new limited tax benefit. The War Powers Resolution of contains only vague consultation requirements. Whenever the President finds that the entry of any aliens or of any class of aliens into the United States would be detrimental to the interests of the United Stateshe may by proclamation, and for fu0ball period as he shall deem necessary, suspend the entry of all aliens or any class of aliens as immigrants or nonimmigrants, or impose on the entry of aliens any restrictions he may deem to be appropriate. They enhance our ability to detect foreign nationals who 8. us präsident commit, aid, or support acts of terrorism, or sunny player pose a safety threat, and they aid our efforts to prevent such individuals from entering the United States.

The entry of undocumented aliens from the high seas is hereby suspended and shall be prevented by the interdiction of certain vessels carrying such aliens.

In light of the importance of legitimate and transparent public institutions to world stability, peace, and development, and the serious negative effects that corruption of public institutions has on the United States efforts to promote security and to strengthen democratic institutions and free market systems, and in light of the importance to the United States and the international community of fighting corruption, as evidenced by the Third Global Forum on Fighting Corruption and Safeguarding Integrity and other intergovernmental efforts, I have determined that it is in the interests of the United States to take action to restrict the international travel and to suspend the entry into the United States , as immigrants or nonimmigrants, of certain persons who have committed, participated in, or are beneficiaries of corruption in the performance of public functions where that corruption has serious adverse effects on international activity of U.

The entry into the United States, as immigrants or nonimmigrants, of the following persons is hereby suspended:. Section 1 of this proclamation shall not apply with respect to any person otherwise covered by section 1 where entry of the person into the United States would not be contrary to the interests of the United States.

Nothing in this proclamation shall be construed to derogate from United States Government obligations under applicable international agreements.

This proclamation is not intended to, and does not, create any right or benefit, substantive or procedural, enforceable at law or in equity by any party, against the United States, its departments, agencies, or other entities, its officers or employees, or any other person.

The Act reflects international antitrafficking standards that guide efforts to eradicate this modern-day form of slavery around the world.

The entry into the United States, as immigrants or nonimmigrants, of the following aliens is hereby suspended:. Section 1 of this proclamation shall not apply with respect to any person otherwise covered by section 1 where entry of such person would not be contrary to the interest of the United States.

The Secretary of State shall implement this proclamation pursuant to such procedures as the Secretary, in consultation with the Secretary of Homeland Security, may establish.

This proclamation is effective immediately. It shall remain in effect until such time as the Secretary of State determines that it is no longer necessary and should be terminated, either in whole or in part.

Any such determination by the Secretary of State shall be published in the Federal Register. This proclamation is not intended to, and does not, create any right, benefit, or privilege, substantive or procedural, enforceable at law or in equity by any party against the United States, its departments, agencies, instrumentalities, or entities, its officers or employees, or any other person.

In light of the firm commitment of the United States to the preservation of international peace and security and our obligations under the United Nations Charter to carry out the decisions of the United Nations Security Council imposed under Chapter VII, I have determined that it is in the interests of the United States to suspend the entry into the United States , as immigrants or nonimmigrants, of aliens who are subject to United Nations Security Council travel bans as of the date of this proclamation.

I therefore hereby proclaim that:. The Secretary of State shall have responsibility for implementing this proclamation pursuant to such procedures as the Secretary, in consultation with the Secretary of the Treasury and Secretary of Homeland Security, may establish.

Section 1 of this proclamation shall not apply with respect to any person otherwise covered by section 1 where entry of the person into the United States would not be contrary to the interests of the United States, as determined by the Secretary of State.

In exercising the functions and authorities in the previous sentence, the Secretary of State shall consult the Secretary of Homeland Security on matters related to admissibility or inadmissibility within the authority of the Secretary of Homeland Security.

Nothing in this proclamation shall be construed to require actions that would be inconsistent with the United States [sic] obligations under applicable international agreements.

This proclamation is not intended to, and does not, create any right or benefit, substantive or procedural, enforceable at law or in equity by any party against the United States, its departments, agencies, or entities, its officers, employees, or agents, or any other person.

This proclamation is effective immediately and shall remain in effect until such time as the Secretary of State determines that it is no longer necessary and should be terminated, either in whole or in part.

Any such termination shall become effective upon publication in the Federal Register. The United States [sic] enduring commitment to respect for human rights and humanitarian law requires that its Government be able to ensure that the United States does not become a safe haven for serious violators of human rights and humanitarian law and those who engage in other related abuses.

Universal respect for human rights and humanitarian law and the prevention of atrocities internationally promotes U.

I therefore have determined that it is in the interests of the United States to take action to restrict the international travel and to suspend the entry into the United States , as immigrants or nonimmigrants, of certain persons who have engaged in the acts outlined in section 1 of this proclamation.

Section 1 of this proclamation shall not apply with respect to any person otherwise covered by section 1 where the entry of such person would not harm the foreign relations interests of the United States.

The Secretary of State shall have responsibility for implementing this proclamation pursuant to such procedures as the Secretary, in consultation with the Secretary of Homeland Security, may establish.

For any person whose entry is otherwise suspended under this proclamation entry will be denied, unless the Secretary of State determines that the particular entry of such person would be in the interests of the United States.

In exercising such authority, the Secretary of State shall consult the Secretary of Homeland Security on matters related to admissibility or inadmissibility within the authority of the Secretary of Homeland Security.

Nothing in this proclamation shall be construed to limit the authority of the United States to admit or to suspend entry of particular individuals into the United States under the Immigration and Nationality Act 8 U.

In Executive Order of March 6, Protecting the Nation from Foreign Terrorist Entry into the United States [set out below], on the recommendations of the Secretary of Homeland Security and the Attorney General, I ordered a worldwide review of whether, and if so what, additional information would be needed from each foreign country to assess adequately whether their nationals seeking to enter the United States pose a security or safety threat.

This was the first such review of its kind in United States history. As part of the review, the Secretary of Homeland Security established global requirements for information sharing in support of immigration screening and vetting.

The Secretary of Homeland Security developed a comprehensive set of criteria and applied it to the information-sharing practices, policies, and capabilities of foreign governments.

The Secretary of State thereafter engaged with the countries reviewed in an effort to address deficiencies and achieve improvements. In many instances, those efforts produced positive results.

By obtaining additional information and formal commitments from foreign governments, the United States Government has improved its capacity and ability to assess whether foreign nationals attempting to enter the United States pose a security or safety threat.

Our Nation is safer as a result of this work. Despite those efforts, the Secretary of Homeland Security, in consultation with the Secretary of State and the Attorney General , has determined that a small number of countries—out of nearly evaluated—remain deficient at this time with respect to their identity-management and information-sharing capabilities, protocols, and practices.

In some cases, these countries also have a significant terrorist presence within their territory. As President, I must act to protect the security and interests of the United States and its people.

I am committed to our ongoing efforts to engage those countries willing to cooperate, improve information-sharing and identity-management protocols and procedures, and address both terrorism-related and public-safety risks.

Some of the countries with remaining inadequacies face significant challenges. Others have made strides to improve their protocols and procedures, and I commend them for these efforts.

But until they satisfactorily address the identified inadequacies, I have determined, on the basis of recommendations from the Secretary of Homeland Security and other members of my Cabinet, to impose certain conditional restrictions and limitations, as set forth more fully below, on entry into the United States of nationals of the countries identified in section 2 of this proclamation.

I therefore hereby proclaim the following:. Screening and vetting protocols and procedures associated with visa adjudications and other immigration processes play a critical role in implementing that policy.

They enhance our ability to detect foreign nationals who may commit, aid, or support acts of terrorism, or otherwise pose a safety threat, and they aid our efforts to prevent such individuals from entering the United States.

Governments manage the identity and travel documents of their nationals and residents. They also control the circumstances under which they provide information about their nationals to other governments, including information about known or suspected terrorists and criminal-history information.

It is, therefore, the policy of the United States to take all necessary and appropriate steps to encourage foreign governments to improve their information-sharing and identity-management protocols and practices and to regularly share identity and threat information with our immigration screening and vetting systems.

That baseline incorporates three categories of criteria:. The United States expects foreign governments to provide the information needed to determine whether individuals seeking benefits under the immigration laws are who they claim to be.

The identity-management information category focuses on the integrity of documents required for travel to the United States.

The criteria assessed in this category include whether the country issues electronic passports embedded with data to enable confirmation of identity, reports lost and stolen passports to appropriate entities, and makes available upon request identity-related information not included in its passports.

The United States expects foreign governments to provide information about whether persons who seek entry to this country pose national security or public-safety risks.

The national security and public-safety risk assessment category focuses on national security risk indicators. The criteria assessed in this category include whether the country is a known or potential terrorist safe haven, whether it is a participant in the Visa Waiver Program established under section of the INA, 8 U.

The assessment focused, in particular, on identity management, security and public-safety threats, and national security risks.

Those engagements yielded significant improvements in many countries. Twenty-nine countries, for example, provided travel document exemplars for use by Department of Homeland Security officials to combat fraud.

Eleven countries agreed to share information on known or suspected terrorists. The Secretary of Homeland Security also assesses that Iraq did not meet the baseline, but that entry restrictions and limitations under a Presidential proclamation are not warranted.

The Secretary of Homeland Security recommends, however, that nationals of Iraq who seek to enter the United States be subject to additional scrutiny to determine if they pose risks to the national security or public safety of the United States.

The restrictions also encourage the countries to work with the United States to address those inadequacies and risks so that the restrictions and limitations imposed by this proclamation may be relaxed or removed as soon as possible.

I also considered foreign policy, national security , and counterterrorism goals. The restrictions and limitations imposed by this proclamation are, in my judgment, necessary to prevent the entry of those foreign nationals about whom the United States Government lacks sufficient information to assess the risks they pose to the United States.

These restrictions and limitations are also needed to elicit improved identity-management and information-sharing protocols and practices from foreign governments; and to advance foreign policy, national security , and counterterrorism objectives.

These restrictions distinguish between the entry of immigrants and nonimmigrants. Persons admitted on immigrant visas become lawful permanent residents of the United States.

Such persons may present national security or public-safety concerns that may be distinct from those admitted as nonimmigrants. The United States affords lawful permanent residents more enduring rights than it does to nonimmigrants.

Lawful permanent residents are more difficult to remove than nonimmigrants even after national security concerns arise, which heightens the costs and dangers of errors associated with admitting such individuals.

And although immigrants generally receive more extensive vetting than nonimmigrants, such vetting is less reliable when the country from which someone seeks to emigrate exhibits significant gaps in its identity-management or information-sharing policies, or presents risks to the national security of the United States.

For all but one of those 7 countries, therefore, I am restricting the entry of all immigrants. For countries with certain mitigating factors, such as a willingness to cooperate or play a substantial role in combatting terrorism, I am restricting the entry only of certain categories of nonimmigrants, which will mitigate the security threats presented by their entry into the United States.

In those cases in which future cooperation seems reasonably likely, and accounting for foreign policy, national security , and counterterrorism objectives, I have tailored the restrictions to encourage such improvements.

Based on the considerations mentioned above, and as described further in section 2 h of this proclamation, I have determined that entry restrictions, limitations, and other measures designed to ensure proper screening and vetting for nationals of Somalia are necessary for the security and welfare of the United States.

Describing all of those reasons publicly, however, would cause serious damage to the national security of the United States, and many such descriptions are classified.

The entry into the United States of nationals of the following countries is hereby suspended and limited, as follows, subject to categorical exceptions and case-by-case waivers, as described in sections 3 and 6 of this proclamation:.

Chad has shown a clear willingness to improve in these areas. Nonetheless, Chad does not adequately share public-safety and terrorism-related information and fails to satisfy at least one key risk criterion.

At this time, additional information sharing to identify those foreign nationals applying for visas or seeking entry into the United States who represent national security and public-safety threats is necessary given the significant terrorism-related risk from this country.

The Department of State has also designated Iran as a state sponsor of terrorism. Libya, nonetheless, faces significant challenges in sharing several types of information, including public-safety and terrorism-related information necessary for the protection of the national security and public safety of the United States.

Libya also has significant inadequacies in its identity-management protocols. Further, Libya fails to satisfy at least one key risk criterion and has been assessed to be not fully cooperative with respect to receiving its nationals subject to final orders of removal from the United States.

Syria has significant inadequacies in identity-management protocols, fails to share public-safety and terrorism information, and fails to satisfy at least one key risk criterion.

There are, however, alternative sources for obtaining information to verify the citizenship and identity of nationals from Venezuela. As a result, the restrictions imposed by this proclamation focus on government officials of Venezuela who are responsible for the identified inadequacies.

Further, nationals of Venezuela who are visa holders should be subject to appropriate additional measures to ensure traveler information remains current.

Yemen, nonetheless, faces significant identity-management challenges, which are amplified by the notable terrorist presence within its territory.

The government of Yemen fails to satisfy critical identity-management requirements, does not share public-safety and terrorism-related information adequately, and fails to satisfy at least one key risk criterion.

But several other considerations support imposing entry restrictions and limitations on Somalia. Somalia has significant identity-management deficiencies.

For example, while Somalia issues an electronic passport, the United States and many other countries do not recognize it.

The United States Government has identified Somalia as a terrorist safe haven. Somalia stands apart from other countries in the degree to which its government lacks command and control of its territory, which greatly limits the effectiveness of its national capabilities in a variety of respects.

Terrorists use under-governed areas in northern, central, and southern Somalia as safe havens from which to plan, facilitate, and conduct their operations.

Somalia also remains a destination for individuals attempting to join terrorist groups that threaten the national security of the United States.

As a result of these and other factors, Somalia presents special concerns that distinguish it from other countries. Additionally, visa adjudications for nationals of Somalia and decisions regarding their entry as nonimmigrants should be subject to additional scrutiny to determine if applicants are connected to terrorist organizations or otherwise pose a threat to the national security or public safety of the United States.

Scope and Implementation of Suspensions and Limitations. Subject to the exceptions set forth in subsection b of this section and any waiver under subsection c of this section, the suspensions of and limitations on entry pursuant to section 2 of this proclamation shall apply only to foreign nationals of the designated countries who:.

The suspension of entry pursuant to section 2 of this proclamation shall not apply to:. The Secretary of State and the Secretary of Homeland Security shall coordinate to adopt guidance addressing the circumstances in which waivers may be appropriate for foreign nationals seeking entry as immigrants or nonimmigrants.

A denying entry would cause the foreign national undue hardship;. B entry would not pose a threat to the national security or public safety of the United States; and.

C entry would be in the national interest. A determining whether the entry of a foreign national would not pose a threat to the national security or public safety of the United States;.

B determining whether the entry of a foreign national would be in the national interest;. C addressing and managing the risks of making such a determination in light of the inadequacies in information sharing, identity management, and other potential dangers posed by the nationals of individual countries subject to the restrictions and limitations imposed by this proclamation;.

D assessing whether the United States has access, at the time of the waiver determination, to sufficient information about the foreign national to determine whether entry would satisfy the requirements of subsection i of this subsection; and.

E determining the special circumstances that would justify granting a waiver under subsection iv E of this subsection.

A the foreign national has previously been admitted to the United States for a continuous period of work, study, or other long-term activity, is outside the United States on the applicable effective date under section 7 of this proclamation, seeks to reenter the United States to resume that activity, and the denial of reentry would impair that activity;.

B the foreign national has previously established significant contacts with the United States but is outside the United States on the applicable effective date under section 7 of this proclamation for work, study, or other lawful activity;.

C the foreign national seeks to enter the United States for significant business or professional obligations and the denial of entry would impair those obligations;.

D the foreign national seeks to enter the United States to visit or reside with a close family member e. E the foreign national is an infant, a young child or adoptee, an individual needing urgent medical care, or someone whose entry is otherwise justified by the special circumstances of the case;.

F the foreign national has been employed by, or on behalf of, the United States Government or is an eligible dependent of such an employee , and the foreign national can document that he or she has provided faithful and valuable service to the United States Government;.

H the foreign national is a Canadian permanent resident who applies for a visa at a location within Canada;. I the foreign national is traveling as a United States Government-sponsored exchange visitor; or.

J the foreign national is traveling to the United States , at the request of a United States Government department or agency, for legitimate law enforcement, foreign policy, or national security purposes.

Adjustments to and Removal of Suspensions and Limitations. Within days of the date of this proclamation, and every days thereafter, the Secretary of Homeland Security, in consultation with the Secretary of State, the Attorney General, the Director of National Intelligence, and other appropriate heads of agencies, shall submit a report with recommendations to the President, through appropriate Assistants to the President, regarding the following:.

The Secretary of Homeland Security, the Secretary of State, or the Attorney General may also, as provided for in Executive Order , submit to the President the names of additional countries for which any of them recommends any lawful restrictions or limitations deemed necessary for the security or welfare of the United States.

Reports on Screening and Vetting Procedures. Any prior cancellation or revocation of a visa that was solely pursuant to Executive Order shall not be the basis of inadmissibility for any future determination about entry or admissibility.

Nothing in this proclamation shall be construed to limit the ability of an individual to seek asylum, refugee status, withholding of removal, or protection under the Convention Against Torture, consistent with the laws of the United States.

Executive Order ordered a temporary pause on the entry of foreign nationals from certain foreign countries.

In two cases, however, Federal courts have enjoined those restrictions. The Supreme Court has stayed those injunctions as to foreign nationals who lack a credible claim of a bona fide relationship with a person or entity in the United States, pending its review of the decisions of the lower courts.

It is the policy of the United States to enforce this proclamation to the maximum extent possible to advance the national security, foreign policy, and counterterrorism interests of the United States.

By the authority vested in me as President by the Constitution and the laws of the United States of America, including sections f and a 1 of the Immigration and Nationality Act, as amended 8 U.

The Secretary of State shall undertake to enter into, on behalf of the United States, cooperative arrangements with appropriate foreign governments for the purpose of preventing illegal migration to the United States by sea.

This order is intended only to improve the internal management of the Executive Branch. Neither this order nor any agency guidelines, procedures, instructions, directives, rules or regulations implementing this order shall create, or shall be construed to create, any right or benefit, substantive or procedural including without limitation any right or benefit under the Administrative Procedure Act [ 5 U.

Nor shall this order be construed to require any procedures to determine whether a person is a refugee. Duties and Authorities of Agency Heads.

Consistent with applicable law,. In this regard, the Secretary of Homeland Security shall provide and operate a facility, or facilities, to house and provide for the needs of any such aliens.

Such a facility may be located at Guantanamo Bay Naval Base or any other appropriate location. If the Secretary of Homeland Security institutes such screening, then until a determination is made, the Secretary of Homeland Security shall provide for the custody, care, safety, transportation, and other needs of the aliens.

The Secretary of Homeland Security shall continue to provide for the custody, care, safety, transportation, and other needs of aliens who are determined not to be persons in need of protection until such time as they are returned to their country of origin or transit.

The Secretary of State shall provide for and execute a process for resettling such persons in need of protection, as appropriate, in countries other than their country of origin, and shall also undertake such diplomatic efforts as may be necessary to address the problem of illegal migration of aliens in the Caribbean region and to facilitate the return of those aliens who are determined not to be persons in need of protection.

The Secretary of Defense shall be responsible for providing access to such facilities and perimeter security. The Secretary of Homeland Security and the Secretary of State , respectively, shall be responsible for reimbursement for necessary supporting utilities.

The Secretary of Defense shall also provide support to the Coast Guard in carrying out the duties described in Executive Order of May 24, [set out above], regarding interdiction of migrants.

This order is not intended to, and does not, create any right or benefit, substantive or procedural, enforceable at law or equity or otherwise against the United States , its departments, agencies, entities, instrumentalities, officers, employees, or any other person.

Refugee Admissions Program, exercises of authority relating to terrorism grounds of inadmissibility under this section, expedited completion of the biometric entry-exit tracking system, review and suspension of the Visa Interview Waiver Program, review of nonimmigrant visa reciprocity agreements, and collection and public availablility of certain immigration data, was repealed, effective Mar.

The screening and vetting protocols and procedures associated with the visa-issuance process and the United States Refugee Admissions Program USRAP play a crucial role in detecting foreign nationals who may commit, aid, or support acts of terrorism and in preventing those individuals from entering the United States.

It is therefore the policy of the United States to improve the screening and vetting protocols and procedures associated with the visa-issuance process and the USRAP.

These are countries that had already been identified as presenting heightened concerns about terrorism and travel to the United States.

Specifically, the suspension applied to countries referred to in, or designated under, section a 12 of the INA, 8 U. In , the Secretary of Homeland Security designated Libya, Somalia, and Yemen as additional countries of concern for travel purposes, based on consideration of three statutory factors related to terrorism and national security: Additionally, Members of Congress have expressed concerns about screening and vetting procedures following recent terrorist attacks in this country and in Europe.

Under these authorities, I determined that, for a brief period of 90 days, while existing screening and vetting procedures were under review, the entry into the United States of certain aliens from the seven identified countries—each afflicted by terrorism in a manner that compromised the ability of the United States to rely on normal decision-making procedures about travel to the United States—would be detrimental to the interests of the United States.

Nonetheless, I permitted the Secretary of State and the Secretary of Homeland Security to grant case-by-case waivers when they determined that it was in the national interest to do so.

Terrorist groups have sought to infiltrate several nations through refugee programs. Nonetheless, I permitted the Secretary of State and the Secretary of Homeland Security to jointly grant case-by-case waivers when they determined that it was in the national interest to do so.

While that order allowed for prioritization of refugee claims from members of persecuted religious minority groups, that priority applied to refugees from every nation, including those in which Islam is a minority religion, and it applied to minority sects within a religion.

That order was not motivated by animus toward any religion, but was instead intended to protect the ability of religious minorities—whoever they are and wherever they reside—to avail themselves of the USRAP in light of their particular challenges and circumstances.

Most significantly, enforcement of critical provisions of that order has been temporarily halted by court orders that apply nationwide and extend even to foreign nationals with no prior or substantial connection to the United States.

Each of these countries is a state sponsor of terrorism, has been significantly compromised by terrorist organizations , or contains active conflict zones.

Moreover, the significant presence in each of these countries of terrorist organizations , their members, and others exposed to those organizations increases the chance that conditions will be exploited to enable terrorist operatives or sympathizers to travel to the United States.

Finally, once foreign nationals from these countries are admitted to the United States, it is often difficult to remove them, because many of these countries typically delay issuing, or refuse to issue, travel documents.

Iran has been designated as a state sponsor of terrorism since and continues to support various terrorist groups, including Hizballah, Hamas, and terrorist groups in Iraq.

Iran does not cooperate with the United States in counterterrorism efforts. William Henry Harrison — Whigpartij gekozen als vicepresident onder de Whigpartij Onafhankelijk tijdens presidentschap.

James Knox Polk — Democratische Partij Nationale Uniepartij gekozen als vicepresident onder de Nationale Uniepartij Onafhankelijk tijdens presidentschap.

Ulysses Simpson Grant — Rutherford Birchard Hayes — James Abram Garfield — Chester Alan Arthur — Stephen Grover Grover Cleveland — William Howard Taft — Thomas Woodrow Woodrow Wilson — Warren Gamaliel Harding — John Calvin Calvin Coolidge — Herbert Clark Hoover — Under Section 3 of the Twenty-fifth Amendment , the president may transfer the presidential powers and duties to the vice president, who then becomes acting president , by transmitting a statement to the Speaker of the House and the President pro tempore of the Senate stating the reasons for the transfer.

The president resumes the discharge of the presidential powers and duties upon transmitting, to those two officials, a written declaration stating that resumption.

Such a transfer of power has occurred on three occasions: Ronald Reagan to George H. Bush once, on July 13, , and George W.

Bush to Dick Cheney twice, on June 29, , and on July 21, Under Section 4 of the Twenty-fifth Amendment , the vice president, in conjunction with a majority of the Cabinet , may transfer the presidential powers and duties from the president to the vice president by transmitting a written declaration to the Speaker of the House and the president pro tempore of the Senate that the president is incapacitated —unable to discharge their presidential powers and duties.

If this occurs, then the vice president will assume the presidential powers and duties as acting president; however, the president can declare that no such inability exists and resume the discharge of the presidential powers and duties.

If the vice president and Cabinet contest this claim, it is up to Congress, which must meet within two days if not already in session, to decide the merit of the claim.

Section 1 of the Twenty-fifth Amendment states that the vice president becomes president upon the removal from office, death, or resignation of the preceding president.

Speaker of the House, then, if necessary, the President pro tempore of the Senate, and then if necessary, the eligible heads of federal executive departments who form the president's Cabinet.

The Cabinet currently has 15 members, of which the Secretary of State is first in line; the other Cabinet secretaries follow in the order in which their department or the department of which their department is the successor was created.

Those department heads who are constitutionally ineligible to be elected to the presidency are also disqualified from assuming the powers and duties of the presidency through succession.

No statutory successor has yet been called upon to act as president. Throughout most of its history, politics of the United States have been dominated by political parties.

Political parties had not been anticipated when the U. Constitution was drafted in , nor did they exist at the time of the first presidential election in — Organized political parties developed in the U.

Those who supported the Washington administration were referred to as "pro-administration" and would eventually form the Federalist Party , while those in opposition joined the emerging Democratic-Republican Party.

Greatly concerned about the very real capacity of political parties to destroy the fragile unity holding the nation together, Washington remained unaffiliated with any political faction or party throughout his eight-year presidency.

He was, and remains, the only U. The number of presidents per political party at the time of entry into office are: The president's salary is set by Congress, and under Article II, Section 1, Clause 7 of the Constitution, may not be increased or reduced during his or her current term of office.

The White House in Washington, D. The site was selected by George Washington, and the cornerstone was laid in Every president since John Adams in has lived there.

At various times in U. The federal government pays for state dinners and other official functions, but the president pays for personal, family, and guest dry cleaning and food.

Camp David , officially titled Naval Support Facility Thurmont, a mountain-based military camp in Frederick County, Maryland , is the president's country residence.

A place of solitude and tranquility, the site has been used extensively to host foreign dignitaries since the s. Blair House , located next to the Eisenhower Executive Office Building at the White House Complex and Lafayette Park , serves as the president's official guest house and as a secondary residence for the president if needed.

The primary means of long distance air travel for the president is one of two identical Boeing VC aircraft, which are extensively modified Boeing airliners and are referred to as Air Force One while the president is on board although any U.

Air Force aircraft the president is aboard is designated as "Air Force One" for the duration of the flight. In-country trips are typically handled with just one of the two planes, while overseas trips are handled with both, one primary and one backup.

The president also has access to smaller Air Force aircraft, most notably the Boeing C , which are used when the president must travel to airports that cannot support a jumbo jet.

Any civilian aircraft the president is aboard is designated Executive One for the flight. For short distance air travel, the president has access to a fleet of U.

Marine Corps helicopters of varying models, designated Marine One when the president is aboard any particular one in the fleet.

Flights are typically handled with as many as five helicopters all flying together and frequently swapping positions as to disguise which helicopter the president is actually aboard to any would-be threats.

For ground travel, the president uses the presidential state car , which is an armored limousine designed to look like a Cadillac sedan, but built on a truck chassis.

The president also has access to two armored motorcoaches , which are primarily used for touring trips.

The presidential plane, called Air Force One when the president is inside. Marine One helicopter, when the president is aboard.

Secret Service is charged with protecting the president and the first family. As part of their protection, presidents, first ladies , their children and other immediate family members, and other prominent persons and locations are assigned Secret Service codenames.

Under the Former Presidents Act , all living former presidents are granted a pension, an office, and a staff.

The pension has increased numerous times with Congressional approval. Prior to , all former presidents, their spouses, and their children until age 16 were protected by the Secret Service until the president's death.

Bush , and all subsequent presidents. Some presidents have had significant careers after leaving office. Grover Cleveland , whose bid for reelection failed in , was elected president again four years later in Two former presidents served in Congress after leaving the White House: John Quincy Adams was elected to the House of Representatives, serving there for seventeen years, and Andrew Johnson returned to the Senate in John Tyler served in the provisional Congress of the Confederate States during the Civil War and was elected to the Confederate House of Representatives, but died before that body first met.

Presidents may use their predecessors as emissaries to deliver private messages to other nations or as official representatives of the United States to state funerals and other important foreign events.

Bill Clinton has also worked as an informal ambassador, most recently in the negotiations that led to the release of two American journalists , Laura Ling and Euna Lee , from North Korea.

Clinton has also been active politically since his presidential term ended, working with his wife Hillary on her and presidential bids and President Obama on his reelection campaign.

There are currently since January 20, five living former presidents. In order of office they are:. Jimmy Carter age 94 since Bush age 94 since Bill Clinton age 72 since Bush age 72 since Barack Obama age 57 since Every president since Herbert Hoover has created a repository known as a presidential library for preserving and making available his papers, records, and other documents and materials.

Completed libraries are deeded to and maintained by the National Archives and Records Administration NARA ; the initial funding for building and equipping each library must come from private, non-federal sources.

There are also presidential libraries maintained by state governments and private foundations and Universities of Higher Education, such as the Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library and Museum , which is run by the State of Illinois , the George W.

A number of presidents have lived for many years after leaving office, and several of them have personally overseen the building and opening of their own presidential libraries.

Some have even made arrangements for their own burial at the site. Several presidential libraries contain the graves of the president they document, including the Dwight D.

These gravesites are open to the general public. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For the political talk radio channel, see P.

For other uses, see President of the United States disambiguation. For a list, see List of Presidents of the United States. Executive branch of the U.

Government Executive Office of the President. President [1] [2] The Honorable [3]. Head of State Head of Government.

Constitution of the United States Law Taxation. Presidential elections Midterm elections Off-year elections. Democratic Republican Third parties.

Powers of the President of the United States. Suffice it to say that the President is made the sole repository of the executive powers of the United States, and the powers entrusted to him as well as the duties imposed upon him are awesome indeed.

For further information, see List of people pardoned or granted clemency by the President of the United States.

Four ruffles and flourishes and 'Hail to the Chief' long version. Imperial Presidency and Imperiled Presidency. United States presidential primary , United States presidential nominating convention , United States presidential election debates , and United States presidential election.

Electoral College United States. United States presidential inauguration. Impeachment in the United States. List of residences of Presidents of the United States.

Transportation of the President of the United States. This " see also " section may contain an excessive number of suggestions. Please ensure that only the most relevant links are given, that they are not red links , and that any links are not already in this article.

September Learn how and when to remove this template message. Government of the United States portal. Phillips for the rapid transmission of press reports by telegraph.

Truman ; Lyndon B. Johnson ; and Gerald Ford Tyler's policy priorities as president soon proved to be opposed to most of the Whig agenda, and he was expelled from the party in September Later, while president, Johnson tried and failed to build a party of loyalists under the National Union banner.

Near the end of his presidency, Johnson rejoined the Democratic Party. The New York Times. Archived from the original on September 26, Retrieved November 15, Retrieved September 4, The People Debate the Constitution, — New York, New York: A forgotten huge day in American history".

Retrieved July 29, Retrieved January 22, The History of Power". Proceedings of the American Political Science Association.

Origins and Development 5th ed. Its Origins and Development. The Making of the American Constitution.

Commander in Chief Clause". National Constitution Center Educational Resources some internal navigation required. Retrieved May 23, The Colonial Williamsburg Foundation.

McPherson, Tried by War: United States Department of Defense. Archived from the original on May 13, Retrieved February 25, About the Joint Chiefs of Staff.

The Federalist 69 reposting. Retrieved June 15, Archived from the original PDF on November 26, Retrieved December 15, No clear mechanism or requirement exists today for the president and Congress to consult.

The War Powers Resolution of contains only vague consultation requirements. Instead, it relies on reporting requirements that, if triggered, begin the clock running for Congress to approve the particular armed conflict.

By the terms of the Resolution, however, Congress need not act to disapprove the conflict; the cessation of all hostilities is required in 60 to 90 days merely if Congress fails to act.

Many have criticized this aspect of the Resolution as unwise and unconstitutional, and no president in the past 35 years has filed a report "pursuant" to these triggering provisions.

The President's War Powers". Retrieved September 28, Retrieved November 8, Presidents have sent forces abroad more than times; Congress has declared war only five times: President Reagan told Congress of the invasion of Grenada two hours after he had ordered the landing.

He told Congressional leaders of the bombing of Libya while the aircraft were on their way. It was not clear whether the White House consulted with Congressional leaders about the military action, or notified them in advance.

Foley, the Speaker of the House, said on Tuesday night that he had not been alerted by the Administration. Retrieved August 7, Retrieved February 5, Noel Canning , U.

United States , U. Olson , U. Retrieved January 23, But not since President Gerald R. Ford granted clemency to former President Richard M.

Nixon for possible crimes in Watergate has a Presidential pardon so pointedly raised the issue of whether the President was trying to shield officials for political purposes.

The prosecutor charged that Mr. Weinberger's efforts to hide his notes may have 'forestalled impeachment proceedings against President Reagan' and formed part of a pattern of 'deception and obstruction.

In light of President Bush's own misconduct, we are gravely concerned about his decision to pardon others who lied to Congress and obstructed official investigations.

Als Vorsitzender des einflussreichen Way and Means Committee war Fillmore entscheidend an der Formulierung eines neuen Zollgesetzes beteiligt, das aber zweimal von Präsident John Tyler mit einem Veto gestoppt wurde. Er verlor mit mehr als 50 Prozentpunkten gegen Dan Lipinski, bekam aber nichtsdestotrotz mehr als Vor ihm hatten bereits Herbert Hoover und John F. Scheidet der Vizepräsident vorher aus dem Amt, so findet der Sein unterlegener Gegner Andrew Jackson bezichtigte Adams der Korruption und wurde danach zu seinem Intimfeind; die Demokratisch-Republikanische Partei wurde gespalten und teilte sich in Adams Verbündete, die zukünftigen National-Republikaner , und diejenigen Jacksons auf. Donald Trump bezeichnet sich ja gerne als ein Präsident für die arbeitende Mittelschicht. Der Kongress hat das Recht, mit einer Zweidrittelmehrheit solche Bewerber trotzdem zuzulassen. Lediglich ein fälschlich abstimmender Wahlmann verhinderte ein einstimmiges Ergebnis, wie es bei Washington der Fall gewesen war. Er setzte dem Treiben des Senators Joseph McCarthy ein Ende, betrieb im Gegensatz zu seinen Nachfolgern eine ausgewogene Nahostpolitik und warnte in seiner Abschiedsrede an das amerikanische Volk eindringlich vor den Gefahren des militärisch-industriellen Komplexes. Sein demokratischer Gegenspieler fordert Cruz nun mit einem linksliberalen Programm heraus. Dieser Tag hat folgenden Hintergrund: Innenpolitische Leistungen waren die Gründung von Amtrak , der nationalen Wetter- und Ozeanbehörde und der Drogenverfolgungsbehörde.

For authority to waive the requirement of clause i under a program, see section of this title. Any immigrant who is permanently ineligible to citizenship is inadmissible.

Any person who has departed from or who has remained outside the United States to avoid or evade training or service in the armed forces in time of war or a period declared by the President to be a national emergency is inadmissible, except that this subparagraph shall not apply to an alien who at the time of such departure was a nonimmigrant and who is seeking to reenter the United States as a nonimmigrant.

For purposes of this paragraph, an alien is deemed to be unlawfully present in the United States if the alien is present in the United States after the expiration of the period of stay authorized by the Attorney General or is present in the United States without being admitted or paroled.

No period of time in which an alien is under 18 years of age shall be taken into account in determining the period of unlawful presence in the United States under clause i.

No period of time in which an alien has a bona fide application for asylum pending under section of this title shall be taken into account in determining the period of unlawful presence in the United States under clause i unless the alien during such period was employed without authorization in the United States.

No period of time in which the alien is a beneficiary of family unity protection pursuant to section of the Immigration Act of shall be taken into account in determining the period of unlawful presence in the United States under clause i.

The Attorney General has sole discretion to waive clause i in the case of an immigrant who is the spouse or son or daughter of a United States citizen or of an alien lawfully admitted for permanent residence , if it is established to the satisfaction of the Attorney General that the refusal of admission to such immigrant alien would result in extreme hardship to the citizen or lawfully resident spouse or parent of such alien.

No court shall have jurisdiction to review a decision or action by the Attorney General regarding a waiver under this clause.

Any immigrant who is coming to the United States to practice polygamy is inadmissible. Except as provided in clause ii , any alien who, after entry of an order by a court in the United States granting custody to a person of a United States citizen child who detains or retains the child, or withholds custody of the child, outside the United States from the person granted custody by that order, is inadmissible until the child is surrendered to the person granted custody by that order.

Any alien who has voted in violation of any Federal, State , or local constitutional provision, statute, ordinance, or regulation is inadmissible.

In the case of an alien who voted in a Federal, State , or local election including an initiative, recall, or referendum in violation of a lawful restriction of voting to citizens, if each natural parent of the alien or, in the case of an adopted alien, each adoptive parent of the alien is or was a citizen whether by birth or naturalization , the alien permanently resided in the United States prior to attaining the age of 16, and the alien reasonably believed at the time of such violation that he or she was a citizen, the alien shall not be considered to be inadmissible under any provision of this subsection based on such violation.

Any alien who is a former citizen of the United States who officially renounces United States citizenship and who is determined by the Attorney General to have renounced United States citizenship for the purpose of avoiding taxation by the United States is inadmissible.

Whenever the President finds that the entry of any aliens or of any class of aliens into the United States would be detrimental to the interests of the United States , he may by proclamation, and for such period as he shall deem necessary, suspend the entry of all aliens or any class of aliens as immigrants or nonimmigrants, or impose on the entry of aliens any restrictions he may deem to be appropriate.

Whenever the Attorney General finds that a commercial airline has failed to comply with regulations of the Attorney General relating to requirements of airlines for the detection of fraudulent documents used by passengers traveling to the United States including the training of personnel in such detection , the Attorney General may suspend the entry of some or all aliens transported to the United States by such airline.

In determining whether to grant or continue providing the waiver under this subsection to nationals of any country, the Secretary of Homeland Security, in consultation with the Secretary of the Interior and the Secretary of State, shall consider all factors that the Secretary deems relevant, including electronic travel authorizations, procedures for reporting lost and stolen passports , repatriation of aliens, rates of refusal for nonimmigrant visitor visas, overstays, exit systems, and information exchange.

The Secretary of Homeland Security shall monitor the admission of nonimmigrant visitors to Guam and the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands under this subsection.

If the Secretary determines that such admissions have resulted in an unacceptable number of visitors from a country remaining unlawfully in Guam or the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, unlawfully obtaining entry to other parts of the United States , or seeking withholding of removal or asylum, or that visitors from a country pose a risk to law enforcement or security interests of Guam or the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands or of the United States including the interest in the enforcement of the immigration laws of the United States , the Secretary shall suspend the admission of nationals of such country under this subsection.

Any alien admitted under section a 15 B of this title may accept an honorarium payment and associated incidental expenses for a usual academic activity or activities lasting not longer than 9 days at any single institution , as defined by the Attorney General in consultation with the Secretary of Education, if such payment is offered by an institution or organization described in subsection p 1 and is made for services conducted for the benefit of that institution or entity and if the alien has not accepted such payment or expenses from more than 5 institutions or organizations in the previous 6-month period.

In determining whether an alien described in subsection a 4 C i is inadmissible under subsection a 4 or ineligible to receive an immigrant visa or otherwise to adjust to the status of permanent resident by reason of subsection a 4 , the consular officer or the Attorney General shall not consider any benefits the alien may have received that were authorized under section c of this title.

For termination of amendment by section c of Pub. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section of this title and Tables.

Section 3 a of the Torture Victim Protection Act of , referred to in subsec. Section of the Immigration Act of , referred to in subsec.

Section l of this title , referred to in subsec. The Social Security Act, referred to in subsec. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see section of Title 42 and Tables.

Subsection j 3 , which required the Director of the United States Information Agency to transmit an annual report to Congress on aliens submitting affidavits described in subsection j 1 E of this section, terminated, effective May 15, , pursuant to section of Pub.

See, also, page of House Document No. Prior to amendment, text read as follows: Prior to amendment, subsec. Prior to amendment, cl. The Secretary of State may not, however, exercise discretion under this clause with respect to an alien once removal proceedings against the alien are instituted under section a of this title.

The quoted matter did not appear in subsec. Prior to amendment, subcl. I read as follows: Prior to amendment, subpar. C read as follows: I to VI which did not include provisions relating to demonstration of certain knowledge by clear and convincing evidence.

A , redesignated former subpars. A and B as cls. H and redesignated former subpar. See Amendment note below. See Effective and Termination Dates of Amendment note below.

IV read as follows: VI and VII at end of cl. V and before concluding provisions of cl. Text read as follows: Nothing in subparagraph G shall be construed to prohibit an employer from using legitimate selection criteria relevant to the job that are normal or customary to the type of job involved, so long as such criteria are not applied in a discriminatory manner.

A and B , respectively, realigned margins, and added pars. Nothing contained in this subsection shall limit the authority of the Attorney General to exercise the discretion vested in him under section b of this title.

This subsection shall not apply to an alien who is deportable by reason of having committed any criminal offense covered in section a 2 A iii , B , C , or D of this title, or any offense covered by section a 2 A ii of this title for which both predicate offenses are, without regard to the date of their commission, otherwise covered by section a 2 A i of this title.

No court shall have jurisdiction to review a decision of the Attorney General to grant or deny a waiver under this subsection. D as closing provisions of par.

C , was repealed by Pub. See Construction of Amendment note below. Prior to amendment, par. A and B , respectively, inserting in par.

B as so redesignated reference to the welfare, safety, and security of the territories and commonwealths of the United States, and adding pars.

Prior to amendment, last sentence read as follows: A and the needs of the communities, with respect to which such waivers are issued, to assure that quality medical care is provided and to review each program with such a waiver to assure that the plan described in subpar.

A ii is being carried out and that the participants in such program are being provided appropriate supervision in their medical education and training.

A , inserted provision excepting subpar. B , and added subpar. Act July 18, , included conspiracy to violate a narcotic law, and the illicit possession of narcotics, as additional grounds for exclusion.

The amendment made by paragraph 2 [amending this section] shall be effective as if included in the enactment of section of the Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act of Public Law — ; Stat.

Such amendments shall apply to individuals in proceedings under the Immigration and Nationality Act [ 8 U.

Amendment by section a of Pub. Amendment by section e of Pub. The amendment made by subsection b [amending section of this title ] shall take effect on October 1, For further temporary extensions of the October 23, termination date, see list of continuing appropriations acts contained in a Continuing Appropriations for Fiscal Year note set out under section f of Title 12 , Banks and Banking.

Amendment by section e 1 of Pub. Amendment by section f 2 B of Pub. Amendment by section c 3 of Pub. Amendment by section a , b , and d of Pub.

Amendment by section 8 f of Pub. Amendment by section d of Pub. For effective date of amendment by Pub. Amendment by act July 18, , effective July 19, , see section of act July 18, For abolition of Immigration and Naturalization Service, transfer of functions, and treatment of related references, see note set out under section of this title.

This provision shall be implemented by the Secretary of State and the Secretary of Homeland Security in consultation with the Attorney General.

Provided, That nothing in paragraph 1 shall be construed to derogate from United States Government obligations under applicable international agreements.

The Secretary of State shall develop and continually update the watchlist in cooperation with the Attorney General, the Secretary of the Treasury, and the Director of Central Intelligence.

See section a , b of Pub. For purposes of carrying out this chapter, any reference in subsec. Each such report shall provide the total number of aliens paroled into and residing in the United States and shall contain information and data for each country of origin concerning the number and categories of aliens paroled, the duration of parole, the current status of aliens paroled, and the number and categories of aliens returned to the custody from which they were paroled during the preceding fiscal year.

Such access does not entitle the Department of State to obtain the full content of automated records through the Interstate Identification Index.

To obtain the full content of a criminal history record, the Department shall submit a separate request to the Identification Records Section of the Federal Bureau of Investigation, and shall pay the appropriate fee as provided for in the Departments of Commerce, Justice, and State, the Judiciary, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, Public Law — [ Stat.

The Department of State shall submit records of such fingerprints to the Federal Bureau of Investigation in order to ascertain whether such applicants previously have been convicted of a felony under State or Federal law in the United States, and shall pay all appropriate fees.

A name included for other lawful purposes under this paragraph shall include a notation which clearly and distinctly indicates that such person is not presently inadmissible.

The Secretary of State shall adopt procedures to ensure that visas are not denied to such individuals for any reason not set forth in the Immigration and Nationality Act [ 8 U.

For establishment of U. Any alien who was paroled into the United States as a refugee-escapee, pursuant to section 1 of the Act, whose parole has not theretofore been terminated by the Attorney General pursuant to such regulations as he may prescribe under the authority of section d 5 of the Immigration and Nationality Act [subsec.

Any alien who, pursuant to section 3 of this Act, is found, upon inspection by the immigration officer or after hearing before a special inquiry officer, to be admissible as an immigrant under the Immigration and Nationality Act [this chapter] at the time of his inspection and examination, except for the fact that he was not and is not in possession of the documents required by section a 20 of the said Act [former subsec.

Any such alien who, pursuant to section 1 of this Act, is found, upon inspection by an immigration officer or after hearing before a special inquiry officer, to have been and to be admissible as an immigrant at the time of his arrival in the United States and at the time of his inspection and examination, except for the fact that he was not and is not in possession of the documents required by section a 20 of the Immigration and Nationality Act [former subsection a 20 of this section], shall be regarded as lawfully admitted to the United States for permanent residence as of the date of his arrival.

Nothing contained in this Act shall be held to repeal, amend, alter, modify, affect, or restrict the powers, duties, functions, or authority of the Attorney General in the administration and enforcement of the Immigration and Nationality Act [this chapter] or any other law relating to immigration, nationality, or naturalization.

The ongoing migration of persons to the United States in violation of our laws is a serious national problem detrimental to the interests of the United States.

A particularly difficult aspect of the problem is the continuing illegal migration by sea of large numbers of undocumented aliens into the southeastern United States.

These arrivals have severely strained the law enforcement resources of the Immigration and Naturalization Service and have threatened the welfare and safety of communities in that region.

As a result of our discussions with the Governments of affected foreign countries and with agencies of the Executive Branch of our Government, I have determined that new and effective measures to curtail these unlawful arrivals are necessary.

In this regard, I have determined that international cooperation to intercept vessels trafficking in illegal migrants is a necessary and proper means of insuring the effective enforcement of our laws.

The entry of undocumented aliens from the high seas is hereby suspended and shall be prevented by the interdiction of certain vessels carrying such aliens.

In light of the importance of legitimate and transparent public institutions to world stability, peace, and development, and the serious negative effects that corruption of public institutions has on the United States efforts to promote security and to strengthen democratic institutions and free market systems, and in light of the importance to the United States and the international community of fighting corruption, as evidenced by the Third Global Forum on Fighting Corruption and Safeguarding Integrity and other intergovernmental efforts, I have determined that it is in the interests of the United States to take action to restrict the international travel and to suspend the entry into the United States , as immigrants or nonimmigrants, of certain persons who have committed, participated in, or are beneficiaries of corruption in the performance of public functions where that corruption has serious adverse effects on international activity of U.

The entry into the United States, as immigrants or nonimmigrants, of the following persons is hereby suspended:. Section 1 of this proclamation shall not apply with respect to any person otherwise covered by section 1 where entry of the person into the United States would not be contrary to the interests of the United States.

Nothing in this proclamation shall be construed to derogate from United States Government obligations under applicable international agreements.

This proclamation is not intended to, and does not, create any right or benefit, substantive or procedural, enforceable at law or in equity by any party, against the United States, its departments, agencies, or other entities, its officers or employees, or any other person.

The Act reflects international antitrafficking standards that guide efforts to eradicate this modern-day form of slavery around the world.

The entry into the United States, as immigrants or nonimmigrants, of the following aliens is hereby suspended:. Section 1 of this proclamation shall not apply with respect to any person otherwise covered by section 1 where entry of such person would not be contrary to the interest of the United States.

The Secretary of State shall implement this proclamation pursuant to such procedures as the Secretary, in consultation with the Secretary of Homeland Security, may establish.

This proclamation is effective immediately. It shall remain in effect until such time as the Secretary of State determines that it is no longer necessary and should be terminated, either in whole or in part.

Any such determination by the Secretary of State shall be published in the Federal Register. This proclamation is not intended to, and does not, create any right, benefit, or privilege, substantive or procedural, enforceable at law or in equity by any party against the United States, its departments, agencies, instrumentalities, or entities, its officers or employees, or any other person.

In light of the firm commitment of the United States to the preservation of international peace and security and our obligations under the United Nations Charter to carry out the decisions of the United Nations Security Council imposed under Chapter VII, I have determined that it is in the interests of the United States to suspend the entry into the United States , as immigrants or nonimmigrants, of aliens who are subject to United Nations Security Council travel bans as of the date of this proclamation.

I therefore hereby proclaim that:. The Secretary of State shall have responsibility for implementing this proclamation pursuant to such procedures as the Secretary, in consultation with the Secretary of the Treasury and Secretary of Homeland Security, may establish.

Section 1 of this proclamation shall not apply with respect to any person otherwise covered by section 1 where entry of the person into the United States would not be contrary to the interests of the United States, as determined by the Secretary of State.

In exercising the functions and authorities in the previous sentence, the Secretary of State shall consult the Secretary of Homeland Security on matters related to admissibility or inadmissibility within the authority of the Secretary of Homeland Security.

Nothing in this proclamation shall be construed to require actions that would be inconsistent with the United States [sic] obligations under applicable international agreements.

This proclamation is not intended to, and does not, create any right or benefit, substantive or procedural, enforceable at law or in equity by any party against the United States, its departments, agencies, or entities, its officers, employees, or agents, or any other person.

This proclamation is effective immediately and shall remain in effect until such time as the Secretary of State determines that it is no longer necessary and should be terminated, either in whole or in part.

Any such termination shall become effective upon publication in the Federal Register. The United States [sic] enduring commitment to respect for human rights and humanitarian law requires that its Government be able to ensure that the United States does not become a safe haven for serious violators of human rights and humanitarian law and those who engage in other related abuses.

Universal respect for human rights and humanitarian law and the prevention of atrocities internationally promotes U.

I therefore have determined that it is in the interests of the United States to take action to restrict the international travel and to suspend the entry into the United States , as immigrants or nonimmigrants, of certain persons who have engaged in the acts outlined in section 1 of this proclamation.

Section 1 of this proclamation shall not apply with respect to any person otherwise covered by section 1 where the entry of such person would not harm the foreign relations interests of the United States.

The Secretary of State shall have responsibility for implementing this proclamation pursuant to such procedures as the Secretary, in consultation with the Secretary of Homeland Security, may establish.

For any person whose entry is otherwise suspended under this proclamation entry will be denied, unless the Secretary of State determines that the particular entry of such person would be in the interests of the United States.

In exercising such authority, the Secretary of State shall consult the Secretary of Homeland Security on matters related to admissibility or inadmissibility within the authority of the Secretary of Homeland Security.

Nothing in this proclamation shall be construed to limit the authority of the United States to admit or to suspend entry of particular individuals into the United States under the Immigration and Nationality Act 8 U.

In Executive Order of March 6, Protecting the Nation from Foreign Terrorist Entry into the United States [set out below], on the recommendations of the Secretary of Homeland Security and the Attorney General, I ordered a worldwide review of whether, and if so what, additional information would be needed from each foreign country to assess adequately whether their nationals seeking to enter the United States pose a security or safety threat.

This was the first such review of its kind in United States history. As part of the review, the Secretary of Homeland Security established global requirements for information sharing in support of immigration screening and vetting.

The Secretary of Homeland Security developed a comprehensive set of criteria and applied it to the information-sharing practices, policies, and capabilities of foreign governments.

The Secretary of State thereafter engaged with the countries reviewed in an effort to address deficiencies and achieve improvements. In many instances, those efforts produced positive results.

By obtaining additional information and formal commitments from foreign governments, the United States Government has improved its capacity and ability to assess whether foreign nationals attempting to enter the United States pose a security or safety threat.

Our Nation is safer as a result of this work. Despite those efforts, the Secretary of Homeland Security, in consultation with the Secretary of State and the Attorney General , has determined that a small number of countries—out of nearly evaluated—remain deficient at this time with respect to their identity-management and information-sharing capabilities, protocols, and practices.

In some cases, these countries also have a significant terrorist presence within their territory. As President, I must act to protect the security and interests of the United States and its people.

I am committed to our ongoing efforts to engage those countries willing to cooperate, improve information-sharing and identity-management protocols and procedures, and address both terrorism-related and public-safety risks.

Some of the countries with remaining inadequacies face significant challenges. Others have made strides to improve their protocols and procedures, and I commend them for these efforts.

But until they satisfactorily address the identified inadequacies, I have determined, on the basis of recommendations from the Secretary of Homeland Security and other members of my Cabinet, to impose certain conditional restrictions and limitations, as set forth more fully below, on entry into the United States of nationals of the countries identified in section 2 of this proclamation.

I therefore hereby proclaim the following:. Screening and vetting protocols and procedures associated with visa adjudications and other immigration processes play a critical role in implementing that policy.

They enhance our ability to detect foreign nationals who may commit, aid, or support acts of terrorism, or otherwise pose a safety threat, and they aid our efforts to prevent such individuals from entering the United States.

Governments manage the identity and travel documents of their nationals and residents. They also control the circumstances under which they provide information about their nationals to other governments, including information about known or suspected terrorists and criminal-history information.

It is, therefore, the policy of the United States to take all necessary and appropriate steps to encourage foreign governments to improve their information-sharing and identity-management protocols and practices and to regularly share identity and threat information with our immigration screening and vetting systems.

That baseline incorporates three categories of criteria:. The United States expects foreign governments to provide the information needed to determine whether individuals seeking benefits under the immigration laws are who they claim to be.

The identity-management information category focuses on the integrity of documents required for travel to the United States.

The criteria assessed in this category include whether the country issues electronic passports embedded with data to enable confirmation of identity, reports lost and stolen passports to appropriate entities, and makes available upon request identity-related information not included in its passports.

The United States expects foreign governments to provide information about whether persons who seek entry to this country pose national security or public-safety risks.

The national security and public-safety risk assessment category focuses on national security risk indicators. The criteria assessed in this category include whether the country is a known or potential terrorist safe haven, whether it is a participant in the Visa Waiver Program established under section of the INA, 8 U.

The assessment focused, in particular, on identity management, security and public-safety threats, and national security risks.

Those engagements yielded significant improvements in many countries. Twenty-nine countries, for example, provided travel document exemplars for use by Department of Homeland Security officials to combat fraud.

Eleven countries agreed to share information on known or suspected terrorists. The Secretary of Homeland Security also assesses that Iraq did not meet the baseline, but that entry restrictions and limitations under a Presidential proclamation are not warranted.

The Secretary of Homeland Security recommends, however, that nationals of Iraq who seek to enter the United States be subject to additional scrutiny to determine if they pose risks to the national security or public safety of the United States.

The restrictions also encourage the countries to work with the United States to address those inadequacies and risks so that the restrictions and limitations imposed by this proclamation may be relaxed or removed as soon as possible.

I also considered foreign policy, national security , and counterterrorism goals. Zie de gebruiksvoorwaarden voor meer informatie.

John Quincy Adams — Martin Van Buren — William Henry Harrison — Whigpartij gekozen als vicepresident onder de Whigpartij Onafhankelijk tijdens presidentschap.

James Knox Polk — Democratische Partij Nationale Uniepartij gekozen als vicepresident onder de Nationale Uniepartij Onafhankelijk tijdens presidentschap.

Ulysses Simpson Grant — Rutherford Birchard Hayes — James Abram Garfield — Chester Alan Arthur — Stephen Grover Grover Cleveland — William Howard Taft — Thomas Woodrow Woodrow Wilson — Clinton has also been active politically since his presidential term ended, working with his wife Hillary on her and presidential bids and President Obama on his reelection campaign.

There are currently since January 20, five living former presidents. In order of office they are:. Jimmy Carter age 94 since Bush age 94 since Bill Clinton age 72 since Bush age 72 since Barack Obama age 57 since Every president since Herbert Hoover has created a repository known as a presidential library for preserving and making available his papers, records, and other documents and materials.

Completed libraries are deeded to and maintained by the National Archives and Records Administration NARA ; the initial funding for building and equipping each library must come from private, non-federal sources.

There are also presidential libraries maintained by state governments and private foundations and Universities of Higher Education, such as the Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library and Museum , which is run by the State of Illinois , the George W.

A number of presidents have lived for many years after leaving office, and several of them have personally overseen the building and opening of their own presidential libraries.

Some have even made arrangements for their own burial at the site. Several presidential libraries contain the graves of the president they document, including the Dwight D.

These gravesites are open to the general public. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For the political talk radio channel, see P. For other uses, see President of the United States disambiguation.

For a list, see List of Presidents of the United States. Executive branch of the U. Government Executive Office of the President. President [1] [2] The Honorable [3].

Head of State Head of Government. Constitution of the United States Law Taxation. Presidential elections Midterm elections Off-year elections.

Democratic Republican Third parties. Powers of the President of the United States. Suffice it to say that the President is made the sole repository of the executive powers of the United States, and the powers entrusted to him as well as the duties imposed upon him are awesome indeed.

For further information, see List of people pardoned or granted clemency by the President of the United States. Four ruffles and flourishes and 'Hail to the Chief' long version.

Imperial Presidency and Imperiled Presidency. United States presidential primary , United States presidential nominating convention , United States presidential election debates , and United States presidential election.

Electoral College United States. United States presidential inauguration. Impeachment in the United States. List of residences of Presidents of the United States.

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Phillips for the rapid transmission of press reports by telegraph. Truman ; Lyndon B. Johnson ; and Gerald Ford Tyler's policy priorities as president soon proved to be opposed to most of the Whig agenda, and he was expelled from the party in September Later, while president, Johnson tried and failed to build a party of loyalists under the National Union banner.

Near the end of his presidency, Johnson rejoined the Democratic Party. The New York Times. Archived from the original on September 26, Retrieved November 15, Retrieved September 4, The People Debate the Constitution, — New York, New York: A forgotten huge day in American history".

Retrieved July 29, Retrieved January 22, The History of Power". Proceedings of the American Political Science Association.

Origins and Development 5th ed. Its Origins and Development. The Making of the American Constitution.

Commander in Chief Clause". National Constitution Center Educational Resources some internal navigation required. Retrieved May 23, The Colonial Williamsburg Foundation.

McPherson, Tried by War: United States Department of Defense. Archived from the original on May 13, Retrieved February 25, About the Joint Chiefs of Staff.

The Federalist 69 reposting. Retrieved June 15, Archived from the original PDF on November 26, Retrieved December 15, No clear mechanism or requirement exists today for the president and Congress to consult.

The War Powers Resolution of contains only vague consultation requirements. Instead, it relies on reporting requirements that, if triggered, begin the clock running for Congress to approve the particular armed conflict.

By the terms of the Resolution, however, Congress need not act to disapprove the conflict; the cessation of all hostilities is required in 60 to 90 days merely if Congress fails to act.

Many have criticized this aspect of the Resolution as unwise and unconstitutional, and no president in the past 35 years has filed a report "pursuant" to these triggering provisions.

The President's War Powers". Retrieved September 28, Retrieved November 8, Presidents have sent forces abroad more than times; Congress has declared war only five times: President Reagan told Congress of the invasion of Grenada two hours after he had ordered the landing.

He told Congressional leaders of the bombing of Libya while the aircraft were on their way. It was not clear whether the White House consulted with Congressional leaders about the military action, or notified them in advance.

Foley, the Speaker of the House, said on Tuesday night that he had not been alerted by the Administration. Retrieved August 7, Retrieved February 5, Noel Canning , U.

United States , U. Olson , U. Retrieved January 23, But not since President Gerald R. Ford granted clemency to former President Richard M.

Nixon for possible crimes in Watergate has a Presidential pardon so pointedly raised the issue of whether the President was trying to shield officials for political purposes.

The prosecutor charged that Mr. Weinberger's efforts to hide his notes may have 'forestalled impeachment proceedings against President Reagan' and formed part of a pattern of 'deception and obstruction.

In light of President Bush's own misconduct, we are gravely concerned about his decision to pardon others who lied to Congress and obstructed official investigations.

Former president Clinton issued pardons on his last day in office, including several to controversial figures, such as commodities trader Rich, then a fugitive on tax evasion charges.

Center for American Progress. Retrieved October 8, Retrieved November 29, Archived from the original PDF on December 13, Retrieved November 9, Use of the state secrets privilege in courts has grown significantly over the last twenty-five years.

In the twenty-three years between the decision in Reynolds [] and the election of Jimmy Carter, in , there were four reported cases in which the government invoked the privilege.

Between and , there were a total of fifty-one reported cases in which courts ruled on invocation of the privilege. Because reported cases only represent a fraction of the total cases in which the privilege is invoked or implicated, it is unclear precisely how dramatically the use of the privilege has grown.

But the increase in reported cases is indicative of greater willingness to assert the privilege than in the past.

American Civil Liberties Union. Retrieved October 4, Archived from the original on March 21, Retrieved November 11, The American Bar Association said President Bush's use of "signing statements", which allow him to sign a bill into law but not enforce certain provisions, disregards the rule of law and the separation of powers.

Legal experts discuss the implications. Boy Scouts of America. The Christian Science Monitor. Archived from the original on July 30, Retrieved July 30, Retrieved May 14, Retrieved May 6, Archived from the original on December 28, The Kennedy White House Restoration.

The White House Historical Association. Presidential idolatry is "Bad for Democracy " ". Twin Cities Daily Planet. But while her voiceover delivered a scathing critique, the video footage was all drawn from carefully-staged photo-ops of Reagan smiling with seniors and addressing large crowds U of Minnesota Press.

Even before Kennedy ran for Congress, he had become fascinated, through his Hollywood acquaintances and visits, with the idea of image Gene Healy argues that because voters expect the president to do everything When they inevitably fail to keep their promises, voters swiftly become disillusioned.

Yet they never lose their romantic idea that the president should drive the economy, vanquish enemies, lead the free world, comfort tornado victims, heal the national soul and protect borrowers from hidden credit-card fees.

Bush White House's claims are rooted in ideas "about the 'divine' right of kings" Retrieved September 20, Nelson on why democracy demands that the next president be taken down a notch".

Ginsberg and Crenson unite". Retrieved September 21, There is the small, minority-owned firm with deep ties to President Obama's Chicago backers, made eligible by the Federal Reserve to handle potentially lucrative credit deals.

Wilson, the group's president, tells his eager researchers. The Executive Branch, Annenberg Classroom".

The National Constitution Center. Constitutional Interstices and the Twenty-Second Amendment". Archived from the original on January 15, Retrieved June 12, The Heritage Guide to the Constitution.

The Annenberg Public Policy Center. CRS Report for Congress. National Archives and Records Administration. Retrieved August 2, Retrieved August 1, The Heritage Guide to The Constitution.

Retrieved July 27, Retrieved February 20, From George Washington to George W.

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